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  • Jan Mcdonald


Loneliness is a complex and subjective emotional state. Feelings of isolation, emptiness, and a longing for companionship or a sense of belonging often characterise it. Loneliness can occur even when one is physically surrounded by others or when in a crowded place, as it is more about the quality rather than the quantity of social interactions.

Loneliness can manifest in different ways and affect individuals differently. It can be a temporary feeling triggered by a specific event or circumstance, such as the loss of a loved one, a breakup, moving to a new place, or experiencing social rejection. In other cases, it can be chronic, persistent, and more deeply rooted in a person's life.

Loneliness is not limited to being alone. People can feel lonely even in the presence of others if they lack meaningful connections or feel disconnected from those around them. It can be associated with a lack of intimate relationships, close friendships, or a sense of community. Loneliness can have negative effects on mental health, leading to increased stress, depression, and anxiety.

It's important to note that being alone is not the same as feeling lonely. Some individuals may choose solitude and enjoy their own company, finding solace and fulfilment in activities done alone. Loneliness, on the other hand, is an emotional state that arises when one desires more social connection and feels a discrepancy between their desired and actual level of social interaction.

Addressing loneliness often involves building and nurturing meaningful relationships, seeking social support, engaging in activities that promote social connection, and fostering a sense of belonging. Professional help, such as counselling, can also benefit individuals experiencing chronic or severe loneliness.

Counselling can be helpful for individuals who feel lonely by providing support, guidance, and strategies to address their feelings of isolation and enhance their social connections. Here are some ways in which counselling can assist someone dealing with loneliness:

1. Counselling offers a safe and non-judgmental space for individuals to express their emotions and talk about their feelings of loneliness. The counsellor can provide empathy, understanding, and validation, which can help alleviate the emotional burden associated with loneliness.

2. Loneliness can be connected to various underlying factors, such as low self-esteem, social anxiety, past traumas, or difficulties in forming and maintaining relationships. Through counselling, individuals can explore these underlying issues and gain insights into the root causes of their loneliness. By understanding the underlying factors, they can work on addressing and resolving them.

3. Counsellors can also help individuals navigate any barriers or fears they may have in initiating or maintaining relationships.

4. Counselling can emphasise the importance of self-care as a means of combatting loneliness. This may involve exploring and developing activities that promote well-being, self-esteem, and personal fulfilment. By focusing on self-care, individuals can cultivate a positive relationship with themselves, which can ultimately contribute to healthier and more satisfying connections with others.

It's important to note that the specific approach and techniques used in counselling will vary depending on the individual's unique circumstances and the therapist's theoretical orientation. The goal of counselling is to support individuals in developing the skills and resources needed to address their loneliness and improve their overall well-being.


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